Dyslexia – Other Strands

The dyslexic cognitive profile can as well as True Dyslexia or word blindness, also have a number of other factors associated with it. Not all these will be evident in each dyslexic, and some people who have these conditions will not necessarily be dyslexic but they do coexist.

Mears Irlen Syndrome – Scotopic Sensitiviy – Visual Stress

Around 35-40% of people with dyslexic difficulties are estimated to experience visual disturbance or discomfort when reading print this can often be reduced or removed by using coloured overlays or glasses

Auditory Phonic Processing

Dyslexia can manifest itself as a difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding. The difficulty in converting spoken word into written word or understanding.

Short Term Memory

Dyslexics can have reduced short term memory, causing problems with processing sequential information, or conversion into long term memory. Dyslexics will typically process concurrently around three to four items whilst non dyslexics will process around seven.


Dysgraphia is a deficiency in the ability to write, regardless of the ability to read, not due to intellectual impairment.


Dyscalculia includes difficulty in understanding numbers, learning how to manipulate numbers, learning maths facts, and a number of other related symptoms.


Dyspraxia is an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement. Balance and stability are often affected. The control of fine motor skills such as writing and art work are usually more difficult.